Viking Artifacts Recently Discovered in Iceland


Iceland is known as the home of migrant Vikings who migrated from Norway, some Icelanders still refer to themselves as Vikings until this age. In recent times, archeologists and researchers have been unearthing numbers of artifacts that are tied to Viking history, ranging from longhouses to burial grounds, bones of settlers, coins used by the dead Viking inhabitants, and weapons. Some found during building constructions or by curious researchers or archeologists.

In April 2021 researchers from the brown university led by Kevin Smith discovered a sort of a ritual site in Surtshellir Cave. Upon discovery, the researchers unearthed burnt bones of horses, pigs, cattle, goats, and sheep inside a rock with a boat shape outline, beads, mineral and orpiment, and a weight scale were also found on the site. according to the researchers, the findings are most likely associated with Norse mythology or Ragnarok and the end of the world. The items were either placed with the intention of appeasing the giant Suftr who plays the role of triggering Ragnarok or to appease the god who fought Freyr, god of fertility.

In June 2017, archeologists discovered remains of a 10th-century ship in north Iceland. The burial ship contains the remains of a chief, a sword, and the Dog of the ship. The site in which the boat was found seems to be a sort of burial site for wealthy chiefs in Viking, as a burial boat was also found In the same location about eleven years ago.

In the same North Iceland remains of three buildings were discovered by archeologists in the Mývatn area in Hofstaðir which is a hotspot for archeologists in Iceland. The three buildings discovered in the area include;

Lodge for pagan ceremonies and a Christian church, both standing close to each other. the site has been suggested to host a lot of political and social activities in the Viking area.

A cemetery and banquet were also discovered on the site.

In 2003, a Viking habitation was discovered in a farm in Stöðvarfjörður fjord and the excavation carried out by Bjarni Einarsson in 2015. Two longhouses were discovered in the location, one thought to be a settlement for refugees and was believed to be a treasure vault. Two structures were found in the site dating as far as back as 873 A.D and 800 A.D. these structures are believed to be connected to the wall erected in 874 according to the book of settlements by the first settler in Iceland known as Ingólfur Arnarson who according to Icelandic lore, fled Norway so as to escape the Norwegian King Harald Fairhair, although Bjarni Einarsson believes otherwise stating that the structure proves that there was human life in Iceland before Ingólfur Arnarson, the first settler.

Other items unearthed during the dig include coins from the middle east, rings, beads, fragments of gold, silver which were used as a currency then. This according to Bjarni Einarsson points out that the settlements most likely belongs to a Viking chief.